The Internet eXchange Point Database (IXPDB)

Executive Summary

Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) are network facilities that enable the interconnection of three or more independent networks, primarily for the purpose of facilitating the exchange of Internet traffic. IXPs are considered core Internet infrastructure and carry a growing percentage of the world’s Internet traffic.

While there are a number of disparate websites and resources, which contain various data on IXPs, none are globally authoritative and fully comprehensive. This makes it difficult for network operators, researchers and other interested parties to make informed decisions related to the global Internet ecosystem.

We, as the Internet eXchange Federation (IX-F), aim to develop a system that will fill this gap. It will acquire data directly from IXPs through automation; aggregate and promote useful third-party data sources; and provide valuable insight, reporting, data export and visualisation functionality. We aim to work closely with the Internet technical community throughout the project and will host workshops that help to promote use of the system and encourage the application of best common practices (BCPs).

About the Internet eXchange Federation (IX-F)

The Internet eXchange Federation (www.ix-f.net) is a transnational organization for coordinating the efforts of Internet eXchange Point Associations (IXPAs). Our membership includes the African Internet eXchange Point Association (www.af- ix.net)), the Asia Pacific Internet eXchange Point Association (www.apix.asia), the European Internet eXchange Point Association (www.euro-ix.net), and the Latin America, and Caribbean Internet eXchange Point Association (www.lac-ix.net). Collectively, these IXPAs represent over 145 IXPs across 6 continents.

Introduction to the IXP Database (IXPDB)

The Internet eXchange Point Database (IXPDB) aims to be the authoritative, comprehensive, public source of data related to IXPs. The IXPDB collects data directly from IXPs through a recurring automated process that integrates with common IXP measurement and management software. It also integrates data from second and third party sources in order to provide a comprehensive and corroborated view of the global interconnection landscape. The combined data can be viewed, analyzed, and exported via a powerful web-based interface and software API.

Database Specifications

First-party data collected directly and automatically from IXPs will include:

Second and third party data sources will include:

Example use cases and queries:

An IXPA wants to conduct analysis on its’ membership in order to generate reports, identify gaps, and promote investment.

A network operator or CDN wants to leverage peering as they expand into new markets

An enterprise wants to evaluate which network operators to use for transit.

A researcher wants to identify gaps in a region in order to better allocate development resources or measure the efficacy of past development projects. 

A government entity wants to check the status of the Internet ecosystem in order to substantiate the efficacy of national or regional policy implementations.

An IXP operator wants to benchmark itself against other IXPs in the region and identify trends that can inform its growth strategy.

System Architecture

The following abstract diagram illustrates the structure of the system and the logical flow of information between the various components and users:

Summary of information flow:

  1. IXPA and IXPDB Administrators create entries for IXPs in the IXPDB system

  2. The IXPDB system begins automatically collecting information about those IXPs from various sources (e.g. IXPs, PeeringDB, and PCH)

  3. IXPDB presents collected data to general users via an intuitive web-based interface located on the IXPDB website.

  4. IXPDB data is also be exported to IXPA websites using a well documented API


Development Plan

The software development is broken down into baseline data and features and a longer-term plan for introducing and refining sophisticated market analysis features.

Objectives for the first 12 months:

Objectives for the following 24 months:

Project Team

Bijal Sanghani, Secretary General at Euro-IX, is the Project Lead with support from two dedicated representatives from each Internet Exchange Point Association (IXPA).

The software development work has been contracted to CZ.NIC, which operates the .CZ DNS registry. CZ.NIC has a long track record of developing open source software and infrastructure projects, including the BIRD routing daemon, Knot DNS, Knot Resolver, and TLD registry system FRED. Michael Horejsek of CZ.NIC is the Technical Project Manager responsible for the website and database development, he reports to Bijal Sanghani.

Jesse Sowell, currently a Cybersecurity Postdoctoral Fellow at Stanford’s Center for International Security and Cooperation, is providing data architecture design and analytics prototyping for the IXPDB data architecture, IPP tools, infrastructure economics analyses, and attendant prototyping of data visualisation. In the coming year Jesse will be taking a faculty position where a key part of his team’s research portfolio will be Internet infrastructure analyses, much of which will be built on IXPDB data.

The project team will also coordinate with the broader Internet technical community in order to obtain input and feedback throughout the project work.

Project Budget

The table below represents the estimated budget for the first 12 months:

Budget Item


Software Development


Cloud Hosting Services


Integration support / training / workshops for IXPs and IXPAs




Table Breakdown

We estimate that our second and third year budgets will have similar totals, with a shift in focus toward training (using a train-the-trainer approach) and implementation. We expect a significant reduction in software development costs in subsequent years. 

Sponsorship Packages

In order to achieve our objectives, we are seeking support via:

  1. Sponsorship: Make a financial contribution towards the cost of the project

  2. Participation: Providing a dedicated person from your organisation to provide input during the project’s software development and implementation 












Two members of your organisation can attend all IXPA meetings in the year of sponsorship





Be the first to test the new code and get on our beta test group





One member of your organisation can join the development mailing list





Sponsorship level size logo displayed on Sponsors page





Sponsorship level size logo displayed on marketing material





Receive end of year report on status of project and funds allocated






Want to sponsor us or want more information? Get in touch, secretariat@ix-f.net